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Breed:Tibetan Mastiff
Country of origin:Tibet
Height at the withers:61–78 cm
Mass:45–70 kg
Average life expectancy:11 years
Original use:guardian of cattle, guardian of monasteries
Today's usage:companion and guard dog


The Tibetan mastiff has a milder temperament compared to other mastiff breeds. Overall, it appears as a massive, heavy, well-built dog. The head is broad and voluminous, the chest is deep and the back is straight. The musculature is well developed. The tail is strong, covered with long and bushy fur. He looks dignified and friendly. She is very devoted and loyal to its master.

It is a good friend, watchdog and protector. It develops slowly, reaching its best form at the age of 2-3 years in females and at the earliest in 4 years in dogs.

The Tibetan Mastiff requires regular training. With proper and consistent guidance, she also manages to learn new commands, but they must have meaning for her.


The Tibetan Mastiff breed originates from the Tibetan Plateau. The first written mentions of these dogs date back to around 1000 BC. Aristotle wrote about the Indian dog and by all indications he meant the Tibetan Mastiff. Also, Megastheus described in 327 BC an Indian dog with drooping ears, huge bones, muscles, a large head and a broad nose. Then the traveler Marco Polo discovered the Tibetan Mastiff on his travels and described it as "a huge, excellent dog about the size of a donkey". It should be added that on contemporary engravings, Marco Polo is shown in the company of a Tibetan Mastiff, which, however, is the same size as today's Mastiffs. In addition, Tibetan donkeys were significantly smaller than elsewhere in the world. The exaggeration of travel memories, which almost no traveler can avoid, certainly played a significant role. Samuel Turner, who traveled in Tibet, wrote around 1800:

“Tibetan mastiffs guard herds of yaks at night. It is a typical mountain dog, because it has all its characteristics - height, impressive width, guarding instinct, proud movement, defense and great love for his master."

In its homeland, the Tibetan Mastiff was used as a guardian of the house, flocks and property of nomadic nomads. Because he has a highly developed guarding instinct, he guards the house with tremendous vigor and will step in very harshly whenever he deems it necessary. Tibetan mastiffs had the task of guarding villages, monasteries, palaces, herds and accompanying caravans on the way. The dog was not only a guardian of dwellings and herds, but also carried burdens when traveling. Passes and mountain trails are often so narrow and impassable in Tibet that yaks, donkeys and mules cannot be used to transport loads, so sheep and apparently dogs were used. These dogs were fed corn bread and goat and sheep milk in their homeland. These dogs knew meat if they procured it themselves. They were, and still are, very undemanding diners.

The Tibetan name is Do-Khyi, which translates to "tied dog". Dogs were tied to strong chains from a very young age, which they often did not get rid of during their entire lives. Some were only released at night to roam around the village and herds, guarding them against intruders and wild animals. The imposing appearance of the head and mane was artificially enhanced in the tethered dog by a collar made of long, red-colored yak fur that was tied around the dog's neck.

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